Harvey pointed out that Mexico is moving in a direction radically opposed to the neo-fascism of many countries in Europe and to the madness that exists in the United States, said the English theorist at the UNAM, in the framework of the conference entitled “What is neoliberalism and how to defeat him?” David Harvey pointed out that elements such as education and health should be returned to the public domain, without this meaning that they are under the total control of the State. The professor at the City University of New York said: “Many people in the world, and I include myself, we are grateful that at least in Mexico they go in a radically different sense to the neo-fascism of many countries in Europe and the madness that exists in the United States”. He described as “hopeful” that our country has a revolutionary tradition because those traditions have the habit of resurging. At the conference “What is neoliberalism and how to defeat it?”, He explained that the majority of Mexicans chose an anti-neoliberal government. And that “political power is going to mobilize against them. The question is how to deal with it.” In the auditorium, Jorge Carpizo of the Coordination of Humanities said that.
“If they say that the neoliberal solutions are wonderful, I would say that they go to see Mauricio Macri, in Argentina, with almost a complete collapse of the economy. That is where the path of neoliberalism takes you today if it is applied vulgarly, as the Argentine president has done.” What happens in Mexico and with the British Labor Party indicates that there is an alternative and can be explored; Margaret Thatcher was not right when she said there was none, said, Harvey.
One of the things that we can do is return to the public domain elements such as education and health, without this meaning that they are under the total control of the State. There must be forms of governance that allow it. The prolific writer, author of titles such as “Espacios de esperanza”, “The new imperialism” and “Brief history of neoliberalism”, said that this is a fragile moment not only for the left, but for the centre-right, which faces The fact that the only way neoliberalism can continue to function is to make an alliance with neo-fascism, and “many are not comfortable with that”. The legitimacy of the system is at risk. There are as many varieties of neoliberalism as we want, but in the end, it is a series of practices with a single objective: to make the rich richer at the expense of everyone else. You can see that the ultra-rich increase their wealth, and others remain stagnant or lose, he added.
Neoliberalism is not a fixed entity, but a series of practices that can change, with the goal of improving the situation of one per cent of the elite, remarked the professor of the largest public school not only in New York City but from the United States.
John Ackerman, of the Institute of Legal Research and moderator of the session, recalled that on July 1 there was a generalized uprising against neoliberalism, or “at least the president-elect has put it that way; such as its central platform.” Clear answers of the system have already been seen. An example of this is that after the suspension of the construction of the airport in Texcoco, there was an attack on the black market against the Mexican peso; also the rating agencies responded immediately. The new government, he said, will not be completely controlled by the system. Meanwhile, Alberto Vital, coordinator of Humanities, highlighted the work of Dialogues for Democracy, by Ackerman and his team, which he described as suggestive and consistent, and which brings the possibility of listening to a series of reflections on issues of transcendence, like the one tackled by David Harvey.
Neoliberalization can be interpreted as a utopian project with the purpose of realizing a theoretical design for the reorganization of capitalism international, or as a political project to restore the conditions for the accumulation of capital and restore the power of economic elites. In the pages that follow, I will argue that in practice the second of these objectives has been dominant. Neoliberalization has not been very effective in revitalizing accumulation global capital but has managed very satisfactorily to restore or, in some cases (as in Russia or China), create the power of an economic elite.
In my opinion, the theoretical utopianism of the neoliberal argument has functioned above all as a system of justification and legitimization of all that was necessary to achieve this goal. The evidence also indicates that when the neoliberal principles clash with the need to restore or sustain the power of the elite or are abandoned, or they become so twisted that they end up being unrecognizable. This does not mean denying the power of ideas to act as a force for historical-geographic transformation. But, in effect, it points to a creative tension between the power of ideas neoliberals and the real practices of neoliberalization that have transformed the way in which global capitalism has been functioning for the last three decades.
Unauthorized translation of the original article in Spanish, published on January 25 (2019), in the newspaper Proceso by Gabriel Ramírez Cuevas.